Early motor function after local treatment of brain metastases in the motor cortex region with stereotactic radiotherapy/radiosurgery or microsurgical resection: a retrospective study of two consecutive cohorts.
We compared the functional outcome and influential factors of two standard treatment modalities for central cerebral metastases: electrophysiological-controlled microsurgical resection (MSR) and stereotactic radiotherapy/stereotactic radiosurgery (SRT/SRS).
We performed a database search for central metastasis treatments during the period from January 2008 to September 2012 in two clinical registers: 1) register for intraoperative neuromonitoring (Department of Neurosurgery), and 2) prospective database for SRT/SRS (Department of Radiotherapy). Neurological status before and after treatment, Karnofsky performance index (KPI), histology, tumor localization and volume, and oncological status were standardized and pooled together for analysis. Muscle strength was graded on a scale of 0-5.
We identified 27 MSR and 41 SRT/SRS cases from 68 treatments. The MSR-treated patients had significant less muscle strength in the upper and lower extremities before and after the treatment as compared to the patients receiving SRT/SRS. Muscle strength of the extremities did not change for patients receiving SRT/SRS, while MSR patients had significant improvement in lower extremity muscle strength (p = 0.05) and a non-significant improvement in the upper extremities. MSR showed significant improvement in hemiparesis as compared to radiotherapy, but this was accompanied with a significant deterioration of extremity muscle strength after surgery, as compared to SRT/SRS (improvement p = 0.04, deterioration p = 0.10).
Electrophysiologically guided microsurgery of central metastases had a significantly better functional outcome regarding hemiparesis. However, there was also a trend for less secondary neurological deterioration after SRT/SRS.
ISRCTN81776764. Retrospectively Registered 27 July 2017.
Central cerebral metastasis; Functional outcome; Microsurgery; Radiosurgery; Rolandic cortex; Stereotactic radiotherapy
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