Excellent accuracy of ABC/2 volume formula compared to computer-assisted volumetric analysis of subdural hematomas.
Subdural hematoma (SDH) is a common disease associated with high morbidity, which is becoming more prominent due to the increasing incidence. Decision for a surgical evacuation is made depending on the clinical appearance and the volume of SDH, wherefore it is important to have a simple ‘bedside’ method to measure and compare the volume of SDH.
The aim of the study was to verify the accuracy of the simplified ABC/2 volumetric formula to determine a valuable tool for the clinical practice.
Preoperative CT-scans of 83 patients with SDHs were used for the computer-assisted volumetric measurement via BrainLab® as well as the ABC/2 volumetric measurement. A = largest length (anterior to posterior) of the SDH; B = maximum width (lateral to midline) 90° to A; C = maximum height (coronal plane or multiplication of slices) of the hematoma. These measurements were performed by two independent clinicians in a blinded fashion. Both volumes were compared by linear regression analysis of Pearson and Bland-Altman regression analysis.
Among 100 SDHs, 53% were under an 47% were over 100cm3 showing a well distribution of the hematoma sizes. There was an excellent correlation between computer-assisted volumetric measurement and ABC/2 (R2 = 0.947, p<0.0001) and no undesirable deviation and trend were detected (p = 0.101; p = 0.777). A 95% tolerance region of the ratios of both methods was [0.805-1.201].
The ABC/2 method is a simple and fast bedside formula for the measurement of SDH volume in a timely manner without limited access through simple adaption, which may replace the computer-assisted volumetric measurement in the clinical and research area. Reason for the good accuracy seems to be the spherical form of SDH, which has a similarity to a half ellipsoid.
Categories: Brain Trauma and NeuroCritical Care