Long-Term Outcomes After Gamma Knife Radiosurgery for Benign Meningioma: A Single Institution’s Experience With 424 Patients.
Gamma knife radiosurgery (GKRS) is recognized as an important treatment modality for meningioma.
To analyze the long-term outcomes in meningioma patients treated with GKRS to determine the risk factors related to treatment failure and peritumoral edema (PTE) development.
Between 1998 and 2010, 770 consecutive patients were treated with GKRS for intracranial meningioma. After the exclusion of patients with follow-up periods of less than 5 yr and those with neurofibromatosis, multiple meningiomas, nonbenign meningioma, or radiotherapy, a total of 424 patients were enrolled in this study. The median follow-up duration was 92 mo. The median tumor volume was 4.35 cm3, and the median marginal dose was 14 Gy.
The overall local tumor control rate was 84%. The actuarial tumor control rates were 91.7% and 78.9% at 5 and 10 yr, respectively. The tumor control rate of a radiologically diagnosed tumor was higher than that of a grade I tumor (82% vs 70.1% at 10 yr, P = .001). In multivariate analysis, factors associated with tumor progression were female sex (hazard ratio: 0.5, P = .025) and a previous history of craniotomy (hazard ratio: 1.9, P = .009). Symptomatic PTE was identified in 36 (8.5%) patients, and the factor associated with poor PTE was the presence of PTE before GKRS (odds ratio: 4.6, P < .001). Permanent complication rate was 4%.
GKRS appears to be an effective treatment modality for meningioma with long-term follow-up. However, the identification of delayed tumor progression in our study suggests that extended follow-up data should be collected after GKRS.
Categories: Brain Tumor