The impact of intraoperative magnetic resonance in routine pediatric neurosurgical practice-a 6-year appraisal.

The impact of intraoperative magnetic resonance in routine pediatric neurosurgical practice-a 6-year appraisal.

Childs Nerv Syst. 2018 Feb 19. doi: 10.1007/s00381-018-3751-8. [Epub ahead of print]



The intraoperative magnetic resonance scanner (ioMR) was introduced in our unit in 2009, and has been used routinely since then.


This study aims to describe indications, radiological features, and clinical outcomes of the patients operated on with ioMRI and analyze our experience.


A retrospective analysis of a prospective surgical database has been performed, including surgical procedure, intent, radiological reports, need for second-look surgery, and complications, supplemented by further review of the clinical notes and the scans.


From 2009 to 2015, 255 surgical procedures with ioMR were performed: 175 were craniotomies for tumor excision, 65 were epilepsy related, and 15 were biopsies or cyst drainages. The mean age was 9.4 years. One ioMR was performed in 79.5% patients; the mean duration of the MR was 41 min. In 172 cases (67.4%), no actions followed the ioMR. When the aim of the surgery was debulking of the tumor, the percentage of patients in which the ioMR was followed by resection was higher than when complete resection was the aim (56 vs 27.5%). The complication rate was not increased when compared with our previous results (infection 1%, neurological deficits 12%).


This is the largest published series of ioMRI-aided pediatric neurosurgery to date. We have demonstrated that it can be used safely and routinely in pediatric neurosurgical procedures at any age, assisting the surgeon in achieving the best extent of resection and aiding in intra-operative decision-making for tumor– and non-tumor-related intracranial pathology.


Epilepsy surgery; Intraoperative resonance; Pediatric brain tumors; Pediatric neurosurgery









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