Ependymomas: Prognostic Factors and Outcome Analysis in a Retrospective Series of 33 Patients.
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prognostic factors and outcomes in patients with ependymoma to management plans.
Between 1997 and 2013, 33 patients with 25 ependymomas (WHO grade II) and eight anaplastic ependymomas (WHO grade III) were pathologically diagnosed. Six were pediatric patients (mean age, 6.15 years; range, 1.3-11 years), while 27 were adults (mean age, 47.5 years; range, 19-70 years). Of those, there were 12 adult patients with totally resected ependymomas without anaplastic pathology and adjuvant treatment. Prognostic factors were assessed in ependymoma patients. Prognostic factors were studied using Kaplan-Meier estimates in subgroups.
For six pediatric patients, the progression-free survival (PFS) was 43.7±13.5 months, and the overall survival (OS) was 58.1±13.7 months. For 27 adult patients, the PFS was 125.6±14.3 months, and the OS was 151.2±12.5 months. Age demonstrated a statistically significant effect on PFS (p=0.03) and OS (p=0.03). In adult ependymomas, the extent of tumor removal significantly affected PFS (p=0.03) and trended towards an effect on OS (p=0.06). Out of 12 patients with totally resected ependymomas without anaplastic pathology and adjuvant treatment, one patient showed tumor recurrence during follow-up (mean, 93.5 months; range, 27.9-162.7 months).
Adult patients with ependymomas were found to have better survival rates compared to pediatric patients. We suggest that totally resected adult ependymomas without anaplastic pathology could be observed without any adjuvant treatment, regardless of the tumorlocation.
Ependymoma; Prognosis; Radiotherapy; Surgery
Categories: Brain Tumor