Imaging of Intracranial Hemorrhage.

J Stroke. 2017 Jan;19(1):11-27. doi: 10.5853/jos.2016.00563. Epub 2016 Dec 12.

Imaging of Intracranial Hemorrhage.

Abstract

Intracranial hemorrhage is common and is caused by diverse pathology, including trauma, hypertension, cerebral amyloid angiopathy, hemorrhagic conversion of ischemic infarction, cerebral aneurysms, cerebral arteriovenous malformations, dural arteriovenous fistula, vasculitis, and venous sinus thrombosis, among other causes. Neuroimaging is essential for the treating physician to identify the cause of hemorrhage and to understand the location and severity of hemorrhage, the risk of impending cerebral injury, and to guide often emergent patient treatment. We review CT and MRI evaluation of intracranial hemorrhage with the goal of providing a broad overview of the diverse causes and varied appearances of intracranial hemorrhage.

KEYWORDS:

Epidural hematoma; Head trauma; Intracranial hemorrhage; Intraparenchymal hemorrhage; Subarachnoid hemorrhage; Subdural hematoma

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