Current management review of thoracolumbar cord syndromes

Publication year: 2011
Source: The Spine Journal, In Press, Corrected Proof, Available online 1 September 2011
Kristen E., Radcliff , Christopher K., Kepler , Lawrence A., Delasotta , Jeffrey A., Rihn , James S., Harrop , …
Background context: Injuries to the thoracolumbar spine may lead to a complex array of clinical syndromes that result from dysfunction of the anterior motor units, lumbosacral nerve roots, and/or spinal cord. Neurologic dysfunction may manifest in the lower extremities as loss of fine and gross motor function, touch, pain, temperature, and proprioceptive and vibratory sense deficits. Two clinical syndromes sometimes associated with these injuries are conus medullaris syndrome (CMS) and cauda equina syndrome (CES). Purpose: To review the current management of thoracolumbar spinal cord injuries. Study design: Literature review. Methods: Index Medicus was used to search the primary literature for articles on thoracolumbar injuries. An emphasis was…


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