Detection of Pulsation in Ruptured and Unruptured Cerebral Aneurysms by ECG-Gated 3D-CT Angiography with 320-Row Area Detector CT and Evaluation of Its Clinical Usefulness
Ahead of Print: Detection of Pulsation in Ruptured and Unruptured Cerebral Aneurysms by ECG-Gated 3D-CT Angiography with 320-Row Area Detector CT and Evaluation of Its Clinical Usefulness
BACKGROUND: In ruptured cerebral aneurysms (RCAs), identification of the rupture point of a cerebral aneurysm is useful for treatment planning. In unruptured cerebral aneurysms (URCAs), detection of the risk of aneurysmal rupture is also useful for patient management.
OBJECTIVE: 4D-CTA was performed for patients with RCAs and URCAs using 320-row ADCT to detect pulsation of the cerebral aneurysms. The clinical usefulness of this method was then evaluated.
METHODS: Twelve patients had 12 RCAs, and 39 patients had 53 URCAs. A 320-row ADCT system was used to scan. ECG-gated reconstruction was then performed with the R-R interval divided into 20 phases.
RESULTS: Pulsation was observed in 10 of the 12 RCAs. The bleeding site was considered to correspond to the area of pulsation. Pulsation was observed in 14 of 53 URCAs. Thirteen patients with 18 URCAs were followed. Of the 11 URCAs in which pulsation was not observed, 1 showed a change in shape. Of the 7 URCAs in which pulsation was observed, 3 showed a change in shape. URCAs in which pulsation was observed were more likely to show a change in shape (p = 0.082).
CONCLUSION: The area of pulsation was found to correspond to the bleeding site in many RCAs. This information would be extremely useful for treatment planning. The detection of pulsation in an URCA is therefore considered to provide useful information for patient management.