Sexual activity as a trigger for intracranial hemorrhage.
Foreman PM, et al. Acta Neurochir (Wien). 2016.
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BACKGROUND: Intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) has been reported in association with sexual activity. A case-series of patients with ICH following sexual activity is presented to further elucidate the role of the physiologic sexual response as a trigger of ICH.
METHOD: A retrospective review of the medical record was performed, identifying patients presenting with ICH temporally related to sexual activity. Clinical and radiographic data were collected and reported.
RESULTS: Sixteen patients presented with non-traumatic ICH temporally related to sexual activity. Eight (50 %) patients presented with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage, four (25 %) with angiogram-negative subarachnoid hemorrhage, two (12.5 %) with a ruptured arteriovenous malformation, and two (12.5 %) with an intracerebral basal ganglia hemorrhage. Overall average age was 49.9 (range, 28-74) years. Sexual activity involved male-female intercourse in 14 (87.5 %) patients and masturbation in 2 (12.5 %) patients.
CONCLUSIONS: Sexual-activity-related ICH is rare and includes various etiologies. The human sexual response in associated with dramatic increases in arterial blood pressure, which likely underlies the association.
PMID 26589958 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]
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