Maxim Mokin, MD, PHD; Kenneth V. Snyder, MD, PHD; Adnan H. Siddiqui, MD, PHD; Elad I. Levy, MD, MBA; Nelson Hopkins, MD
Journal of the American College of Cardiology
J Am Coll Cardiol. 2016;67(22):2645-2655.
Five recently published randomized trials of endovascular therapy versus medical management, including intravenous thrombolysis, demonstrated strong positive data in support of intra-arterial thrombectomy procedures. The American Heart Association/American Stroke Association released a focused update of the 2013 guidelines on the early management of acute ischemic strokes to specifically incorporate the findings of the 5 “positive” trials. In this review, we examine the key results of those trials and the principal changes in the updated guidelines. We discuss the ongoing and future changes in stroke systems of care, with an emphasis on the role of pre-hospital stroke triage, interhospital transfer, and the 2 main levels of stroke center certification (primary and comprehensive).