Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Complications of Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Complications of Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

Abstract Cardiopulmonary complications after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage negatively affect overall morbidity and mortality. An electronic literature search was performed for English-language articles focused on cardiopulmonary complications with subarachnoid hemorrhage published through October 2010. A total of 278 citations were identified, including 72 clinical studies. In most cases, study quality was low or very low. Cardiac injury, evidenced by an elevation in troponin levels, is reported in about one-third of patients after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. Arrhythmias also occur in about one-third of patients after subarachnoid hemorrhage. The incidence of pulmonary complications, especially neurogenic pulmonary edema, is more difficult to establish from available literature. Cardiopulmonary complications have been linked to worsened clinical outcome, suggesting a role for cardiac monitoring and interventions.

  • Content Type Journal Article
  • Pages 1-13
  • DOI 10.1007/s12028-011-9598-4
  • Authors
    • Nicolas Bruder, Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, CHU Timone, Université de la Méditerranée, 264 rue St-Pierre, Marseille, France
    • Alejandro Rabinstein, Department of Neurology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA
    • The Participants in the International Multi-disciplinary Consensus Conference on the Critical Care Management of Subarachnoid Hemorrhage


Categories: Vascular

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